There is no question that one of the best ways to correct gaps, overcrowding, misaligned teeth and improper bite is through the use of braces. These metal wires, hooks and elastic work together to help you get the wonderful smile we all want. Having said that, how do braces work exactly? In this article we give you an idea as to how braces are installed and how they slowly fix your teeth and realign them.
Orthodontic braces have come a long way since they were first used and many improvements have been made when it comes to the materials used, the procedures, the expense and the results you get. The common parts of braces include the metal arch wire, bonding agent, brackets, and the ligature elastic. Some of the modern braces no longer need the elastic.
The pieces of the braces work together to apply pressure on the whole curvature of the teeth – the pressure will come from the arch wire and is applied to the brackets which slowly and gently nudge the teeth into their correct alignment. The elastic bands can also be used in order to realign the teeth to a certain position. This pressure will always be present as long as you have the braces on. It may feel uncomfortable at first but as time passes, you become more accustomed to the force being applied. This needs to be done slowly to avoid any possibility of teeth being lost in the process. The typical braces often take around 2 years to complete the realignment procedure.
As the braces begin to take effect, the pressure becomes weaker as the teeth move. It is customary to visit the dentist after a few weeks to have the braces readjusted so that the pressure is restored. Visits to your orthodontist will be regular to check on the braces and make sure the treatment is working. As the tooth moves, the new supporting bones keep the teeth on their new positions. Once the desired alignment is achieved, the braces will be ready to be removed.
This is how braces work in its most traditional sense. Nowadays there are a number of different kinds of braces available. Visit HGS Ortho to find out more about the modern types of braces and which one will be best for you.